On the subject of castration of boars and boar taint information can be found in the reports of various studies and published articles. Please contact the scientist, research institute or organization directly for further information.

Completed research


  • Reducing mounting behaviour of boars – tips and recommendations, WUR 2014
  • Flyer WUR, 2013 – Boars heading for 2018
  • Journal of Animal Science, January 2013, Genetic parameters for androstenone, skatole, indole, and human nose scores as measures of boar taint and their relationship with finishing traits, J. Windig, H. A. Mulder, J. ten Napel, E. F. Knol, P. K. Mathur,and R. E. Crump J ANIM SCI July 2012 90:2120-2129; published ahead of print January 13, 2012.
  • EuroChoices Volume 11, Issue 3, pages 36–43, December 2012, New EU Policies Towards Animal Welfare: The Relative Importance of Pig Castration. Zein Kallas, José Maria Gil, Nuria Panella-Riera, Marta Blanch, Gemma Tacken, Patrick Chevillon, Kees De Roest, M. Angels Oliver.
  • Meat Science, August 2012, A human nose scoring system for boar taint and its relationship with androstenone and skatole, Mathur PK, ten Napel J, Bloemhof S, Heres L, Knol EF, Mulder HA.
  • Journal of Animal Science, February 2012, Direct and associative effects for androstenone and genetic correlations with backfat and growth in entire male pigs. N. Duijvesteijn, E.F. Knol* and P. Bijma.
  • BMC Genetics, 2011, The distal end of porcine chromosome 6p is involved in the regulation of skatole levels in boars. António M Ramos, Naomi Duijvesteijn, Egbert F Knol, Jan WM Merks, Henk Bovenhuis, Richard PMA Crooijmans, Martien AM Groenenand Barbara Harlizius.
  • BMC Genetics, 2010, A genome-wide association study on androstenone levels in pigs reveals a cluster of candidate genes on chromosome 6. Naomi Duijvesteijn, Egbert F Knol, Jan WM Merks, Richard PMA Crooijmans, Martien AM Groenen, Henk Bovenhuis and Barbara Harlizius.
  • Global Agriculture Farm Management, July 2009, Moving towards boar taint-free meat: an overview of alternatives to surgical castration from a chain perspective. Valeeva N. I., Backus G. B.C. and Baltussen W. H. M.
  • Pigcas Stakeholder Congress 2008
  • Removing the taint 2008
  • Kompass Jungebermast: Mit den Erfahrungen von Praktikern für Praktiker richtet sich die Broschüre an Schweinehalter. Der Kompass zeigt: Jungebermast ist kein Hexenwerk, solange zentrale Grundsätze eingehalten werden. Neueste Ergebisse aus Versuchseinrichtungen und Wissenschaft runden das Bild ab.